A Constrained Regression Forests Solution to 3d Fetal Ultrasound Plane Localization for Longitudinal Analysis of Brain Growth and Maturation
Yaqub M., Kopuri A., Rueda S., Sullivan PB., McCormick K., Noble JA.
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014. This paper develops a novel approach to find the plane in a 3D fetal ultrasound scan which corresponds to the 2D diagnostic plane used in cranial ultrasound of a neonate to allow image-based biomarkers to be tracked from pre-birth through the first weeks of post-birth life. We propose a method based on regression forests (RF) with important algorithm design considerations taken into account to provide an accurate plane-finding solution. Specifically, the new method constrains the RF method by 1) using informative voxels and voxel informative strength as a weighting within the training stage objective function u, and 2) introducing regularization of the RF by proposing a geometrical feature within the training stage. Results on clinical data indicate that the new automated method is more reproducible than manual plane finding.