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Lamina-associated polypeptide 1 (LAP1), a ubiquitously expressed nuclear envelope protein, appears to be essential for the maintenance of cell homeostasis. Although rare, mutations in the human LAP1-encoding TOR1AIP1 gene cause severe diseases and can culminate in the premature death of affected individuals. Despite there is increasing evidence of the pathogenicity of TOR1AIP1 mutations, the current knowledge on LAP1's physiological roles in humans is limited; hence, investigation is required to elucidate the critical functions of this protein, which can be achieved by uncovering the molecular consequences of LAP1 depletion, a topic that remains largely unexplored. In this work, the proteome of patient-derived LAP1-deficient fibroblasts carrying a pathological TOR1AIP1 mutation (LAP1 E482A) was quantitatively analyzed to identify global changes in protein abundance levels relatively to control fibroblasts. An in silico functional enrichment analysis of the mass spectrometry-identified differentially expressed proteins was also performed, along with additional in vitro functional assays, to unveil the biological processes that are potentially dysfunctional in LAP1 E482A fibroblasts. Collectively, our findings suggest that LAP1 deficiency may induce significant alterations in various cellular activities, including DNA repair, messenger RNA degradation/translation, proteostasis and glutathione metabolism/antioxidant response. This study sheds light on possible new functions of human LAP1 and could set the basis for subsequent in-depth mechanistic investigations. Moreover, by identifying deregulated signaling pathways in LAP1-deficient cells, our work may offer valuable molecular targets for future disease-modifying therapies for TOR1AIP1-associated nuclear envelopathies.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.bbrep.2024.101757

Type

Journal article

Journal

Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports

Publication Date

01/09/2024

Volume

39