A Randomized Trial Assessing the Immunogenicity and Reactogenicity of Two Hexavalent Infant Vaccines Concomitantly Administered With Group B Meningococcal Vaccine.
Rajan M., Marchevsky N., Sinclair G., O'Brien K., Jefferies K., Owino N., Hallis B., Goldblatt D., Matheson M., Cuthbertson H., Aley P., Liu X., Snape MD.
BACKGROUND: Three hexavalent (DTaP-IPV-Hib-HepB) vaccines are licensed in Europe, only one of which (Vaxelis, Hex-V), uses a meningococcal outer membrane protein complex as a carrier protein for Hemophilus influenza type b (Hib), creating potential interactions with the meningococcal vaccine 4CMenB. METHODS: In this single-center open-label randomized trial, infants were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive Hex-V or an alternative hexavalent vaccine (Infanrix-Hexa, Hex-IH) at 2, 3, and 4 months with 4CMenB (2, 4, and 12 months) in the UK routine immunization schedule. The primary outcome was noninferiority of geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) of anti-PRP (Hib) IgG at 5 months of age. Secondary outcomes included safety, reactogenicity, and immunogenicity of other administered vaccines measured at 5 and 13 months of age. RESULTS: Of the 194 participants enrolled, 96 received Hex-V and 98 Hex-IH. Noninferiority of anti-PRP IgG GMCs at 5 months of age in participants receiving Hex-V was established; GMCs were 23-times higher following three doses of Hex-V than three doses of Hex-IH (geometric mean ratio (GMR) 23.25; one-sided 95% CI 16.21, -). 78/85 (92%) of Hex-V recipients and 43/87 (49%) of Hex-IH recipients had anti-PRP antibodies ≥1.0 µg/mL. At 5 months of age serum, bactericidal activity titers against MenB strain 5/99 were higher following Hex-V than Hex-IH (GMR 1.56; 95% CI, 1.13-2.14). The reactogenicity profile was similar in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: These data support flexibility in the use of either Hex-IH or Hex-V in infant immunization schedules containing 4CMenB, with the possibility that Hex-V may enhance protection against Hib.