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BackgroundX-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM) is a life-threatening congenital myopathy that, in most cases, is characterized by profound muscle weakness, respiratory failure, need for mechanical ventilation and gastrostomy feeding, and early death.ObjectiveWe aimed to characterize the neuromuscular, respiratory, and extramuscular burden of XLMTM in a prospective, longitudinal study.MethodsThirty-four participants <  4 years old with XLMTM and receiving ventilator support enrolled in INCEPTUS, a prospective, multicenter, non-interventional study. Disease-related adverse events, respiratory and motor function, feeding, secretions, and quality of life were assessed.ResultsDuring median (range) follow-up of 13.0 (0.5, 32.9) months, there were 3 deaths (aspiration pneumonia; cardiopulmonary failure; hepatic hemorrhage with peliosis) and 61 serious disease-related events in 20 (59%) participants, mostly respiratory (52 events, 18 participants). Most participants (80%) required permanent invasive ventilation (>16 hours/day); 20% required non-invasive support (6-16 hours/day). Median age at tracheostomy was 3.5 months (95% CI: 2.5, 9.0). Thirty-three participants (97%) required gastrostomy. Thirty-one (91%) participants had histories of hepatic disease and/or prospectively experienced related adverse events or laboratory or imaging abnormalities. CHOP INTEND scores ranged from 19-52 (mean: 35.1). Seven participants (21%) could sit unsupported for≥30 seconds (one later lost this ability); none could pull to stand or walk with or without support. These parameters remained static over time across the INCEPTUS cohort.ConclusionsINCEPTUS confirmed high medical impact, static respiratory, motor and feeding difficulties, and early death in boys with XLMTM. Hepatobiliary disease was identified as an under-recognized comorbidity. There are currently no approved disease-modifying treatments.

Original publication




Journal article


J Neuromuscul Dis

Publication Date



X-linked myotubular myopathy, centronuclear myopathy, mechanical, motor disorders, neuromuscular diseases, respiratory failure, ventilators