Restless Legs Syndrome in Iranian People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: The Role in Quality of Life and Quality of Sleep
Modarresnia L., Golgiri F., Madani NH., Emami Z., Tanha K.
Study Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and explore its role in quality of life (QoL) and quality of sleep of these patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study performed on 210 Iranian people with T2DM. The diagnosis of RLS was established based on the essential diagnostic criteria for RLS recommended by the National Institutes of Health. Sleep quality and QoL were assessed in all participants using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire, respectively. Regression models were used for final analysis of data. Results: The prevalence of RLS was 19.5%; of whom 38.1% had poor quality of sleep. Male sex, being single, body mass index (BMI), and RLS were associated with poor quality of sleep. Patients with RLS were almost three times as likely as the patients without RLS to have poor sleep quality. Moreover, being female, BMI value, level of glycosylated hemoglobine (HbA1C), and RLS were associated with lower QoL. RLS lowers the score of QoL even more than BMI and HbA1C. In addition, the QoL and sleep quality of this population of patients with diabetes have not been affected by the severity of RLS as well as presence or absence of neuropathy. Conclusions: RLS has an independent and significant role in sleep quality and QoL in the patients with diabetes. Neuropathy with RLS does not confer any additive burden on QoL and sleep quality of this population of patients with diabetes.