Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a key cytokine in the defense against intracellular bacteria notably Mycobacteria and Salmonella species. We report a case of disseminated mycobacterial infection, following BCG vaccination, in a child who later developed tuberculosis. Functional tests and a novel diagnostic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay, revealed a loss-of-function deletion in the IL12 gene. Analysis of samples from the parents and siblings of the patient indicated an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern with varying degrees of phenotypic expression in identical genotypes. Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) therapy was associated with marked clinical improvement. Biliary cirrhosis, a hitherto unreported complication of IL-12 deficiency, developed later and required liver transplantation. A defect in the IL-12-IFN-gamma pathway should be suspected in patients presenting with multiple, repeated or persistent infection with intracellular bacteria. The diagnostic work-up and the immuno-genetic assay described here can aid in the quick and reliable diagnosis of IL-12 deficiency resulting from genetic defects and its subsequent management.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/tropej/fmm119

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Trop Pediatr

Publication Date

08/2008

Volume

54

Pages

269 - 271

Keywords

Female, Humans, Infant, Interleukin-12, Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary, Male, Mycobacterium bovis, Tuberculosis