Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

To date little is known about catabolic NO-dependent signaling systems in human skeletal muscle during early stages of gravitational unloading. The goal of the study was to analyze signaling pathways that determine the initial development of proteolytic events in human soleus muscle during short-term gravitational unloading (simulated microgravity). Gravitational unloading was simulated by 3-day head-out dry immersion. Before and after the immersion the samples of soleus muscle were taken under local anesthesia, using biopsy technique. The content of desmin, IRS-1, phospho-AMPK, total and phospho-nNOS in soleus of 6 healthy men was determined using Western-blotting before and after the dry-immersion. Three days of the dry immersion resulted in a significant decrease in desmin, phospho-nNOS and phospho-AMPK as compared to the pre-immersion values. The results of the study suggest that proteolytic processes in human soleus at the early stage of gravitational unloading are associated with inactivation of nNOS. Reduction in AMPK phosphorylation could serve as a trigger event for the development of primary atrophic changes in skeletal muscle.


Journal article


The Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions


International Society of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions

Publication Date