Fast oscillation in the cerebellar cortex of calcium binding protein-deficient mice: A new sensorimotor arrest rhythm
Cheron G., Servais L., Dan B., Gall D., Roussel C., Schiffmann SN.
Fast oscillations (>100 Hz) may serve physiological roles when regulated properly. They may also appear in pathological conditions. In cerebellum, 160 Hz oscillation emerge in mice lacking calbindin and/or calretinin, two proteins devoted to calcium buffering in Purkinje and granule cells, respectively. Here, we review the pharmacological and spatiotemporal properties of this fast cerebellar oscillation and the related Purkinje cell firing behaviour in alert mice. We show that this oscillation is highly synchronized along the parallel fiber beam and reversibly inhibited by gap junctions, GABAA and NMDA receptors blockers. Cutaneous stimulation of the whisker region transiently suppressed the oscillation which shows in some aspects similarities with cerebral "resting" rhythmic activities of wakefulness arresting to sensory or motor information such as alpha and mu rhythms. The Purkinje cells of these mutants present an increased simple spike firing rate, rhythmicity and synchronicity, and a decreased complex spike duration and subsequent pause. Both simple and complex spikes may be tightly phase-locked with the oscillation. Contrastingly, on slice recordings, the intrinsic membrane properties of Purkinje cell are similar in wild type mice and in mice lacking calbindin. The role played by this fast cerebellar oscillation in the emergence of ataxia is yet to be solved.