Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

© 2017 The Authors Non-coding uridine-rich small nuclear RNAs (UsnRNAs) have emerged in recent years as effective tools for exon skipping for the treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), a degenerative muscular genetic disorder. We recently showed the high capacity of a recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV)-U7snRNA vector to restore the reading frame of the DMD mRNA in the muscles of DMD dogs. We are now moving toward a phase I/II clinical trial with an rAAV-U7snRNA-E53, carrying an antisense sequence designed to hybridize exon 53 of the human DMD messenger. As observed for genome-editing tools, antisense sequences present a risk of off-target effects, reflecting partial hybridization onto unintended transcripts. To characterize the clinical antisense sequence, we studied its expression and explored the occurrence of its off-target effects in human in vitro models of skeletal muscle and liver. We presented a comprehensive methodology combining RNA sequencing and in silico filtering to analyze off-targets. We showed that U7snRNA-E53 induced the effective exon skipping of the DMD transcript without inducing the notable deregulation of transcripts in human cells, neither at gene expression nor at the mRNA splicing level. Altogether, these results suggest that the use of the rAAV-U7snRNA-E53 vector for exon skipping could be safe in eligible DMD patients.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.omtn.2017.12.008

Type

Journal article

Journal

Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids

Publication Date

02/03/2018

Volume

10

Pages

277 - 291