Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

NAADP (nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate) is a recently discovered second messenger, and as such, we have much yet to learn about its functions in health and disease. A bottleneck in this basic research is due to NAADP, like all second messengers, being charged to prevent it from leaking out of cells. This makes for effective biology, but imposes difficulties in experiments, as it must be injected, loaded via liposomes, or electroporated, techniques that are highly technically demanding and are possible only in certain single cell preparations. For the better understood second messenger inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, great success has been obtained with cell-permeant derivatives where the charged groups are masked through esterification. We now report NAADP-AM as a cell-permeant analogue of NAADP that is taken up into cells and induces NAADP-mediated Ca(2+) signalling. NAADP-AM is a powerful chemical tool that will be of enormous biological utility in a wide range of systems and will greatly facilitate research into the role of NAADP in health and disease.

Original publication




Journal article


Cell Calcium

Publication Date





531 - 538


Aniline Compounds, Animals, Biochemistry, Calcium, Calcium Signaling, Cell Membrane Permeability, Cells, Cultured, Drug Stability, Fluorescent Dyes, Guinea Pigs, Male, Molecular Biology, Molecular Structure, NADP, Neurons, Pharmacology, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Sea Urchins, Second Messenger Systems, Staining and Labeling, Xanthenes