Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Imported leishmaniasis is rare in non-endemic countries such as the UK. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) can be life-threatening and its recognition is imperative for successful clinical management. We present a case of VL in an 11-month-old infant several months after returning from a 1-week holiday trip to the South of Spain. The infant suffered from intermittent fever for 5 weeks, and hepatosplenomegaly and pancytopenia, and was successfully treated with a short course of liposomal amphotericin B. This case of VL is to highlight the possibility of transmission of unusual pathogens when travelling to the Mediterranean and therefore the importance of taking a detailed travel history. VL should be considered in the differential diagnosis in returning travellers presenting with prolonged fever, hepatosplenomegaly and/or pancytopenia.

Original publication

DOI

10.1136/bcr-2015-209484

Type

Journal article

Journal

BMJ Case Rep

Publication Date

28/04/2015

Volume

2015

Keywords

Amphotericin B, Antiprotozoal Agents, Female, Humans, Infant, Leishmaniasis, Visceral, Spain, Travel