Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Abstract Background Monitoring changes in pharyngeal carriage of pneumococcus in children following 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) introduction in the United Kingdom in 2010 informs understanding of patterns of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) incidence. Methods Nasopharyngeal swabs from healthy children vaccinated with PCV13 according to schedule (2, 4, and 12 months) were cultured and serotyped. Results for children aged 13–48 months were compared between 2014–2015 and 2017–2019 and with children aged 6–12 months (2017–2020). Blood was obtained from a subset of children for pneumococcal serotype-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG). Results Total pneumococcal carriage at 13–48 months was 47.9% (473/988) in 2014–2015 and 51.8% (412/795) in 2017–2019 (P = .10); at age 6–12 months this value was 44.6% (274/615). In 2017–2019, 2.9% (95% confidence interval, 1.8%–4.3%) of children aged 13–48 months carried PCV13 serotypes (mainly 3 [1.5%] and 19A [0.8%]) and >20% carried the additional 20-valent PCV (PCV20) serotypes. Similar proportions of children had IgG ≥0.35 IU/mL for each serotype in 2014–2015 and 2017–2019. Serotype 7C carriage increased significantly (P < .01) between 2014–2015 and 2017–2019. Carriage of PCV20 serotypes 8 and 12F, both major causes of IPD, was rare. Conclusions Introduction of PCV20, if licensed for children, could significantly change the composition of pneumococcal serotypes carried in the pharynx of UK children. Clinical Trials Registration NCT03102840.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/infdis/jiac376

Type

Journal article

Journal

The Journal of Infectious Diseases

Publisher

Oxford University Press (OUP)

Publication Date

21/09/2022