AbstractPhosphomannomutase 2 (PMM2) deficiency causes Congenital Disorder of Glycosylation (PMM2-CDG), but does not have a recognised association with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). A distinct clinical syndrome of hyperinsulinism and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (HIPKD) arises in the context of a specific variant in the PMM2 promotor, either in homozygosity, or compound heterozygous with a deleterious PMM2 variant. Here, we describe the development of IBD in three patients with PMM2-HIPKD, with onset of IBD at 0, 6, and 10 years of age. In each case, intestinal inflammation coincided with the unusual finding of gastric antral foveolar hyperplasia. IBD disease was of variable severity at onset but well controlled with conventional and first-line biologic treatment approaches. The organ-level pattern of disease manifestations in PMM2-HIPKD-IBD may reflect a loss of cis-acting regulatory control by hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha (HNF4A). Analysis of published transcriptomic data suggests that IBD most likely arises due to an impact on epithelial cellular function. We identify a specific pattern of variation in PMM2 as a novel association of early-onset IBD with distinctive gastric pathology.
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