Dynamic m6A methylation facilitates mRNA triaging to stress granules
Anders M., Chelysheva I., Goebel I., Trenkner T., Zhou J., Mao Y., Verzini S., Qian S-B., Ignatova Z.
Summary blurbm6A-modification in the 5’ vicinity of the coding sequence of transcripts provides a selective mechanism for triaging mRNAs to stress granules and is mediated by YTHDF3 ‘reader’ protein.AbstractReversible post-transcriptional modifications on messenger RNA emerge as prevalent phenomena in RNA metabolism. The most abundant among them is N6-methyladenosine (m6A) which is pivotal for RNA metabolism and function, its role in stress response remains elusive. We have discovered that in response to oxidative stress, transcripts are additionally m6A-modified in their 5’ vicinity. Distinct from that of the translationally-active mRNAs, this methylation pattern provides a selective mechanism for triaging mRNAs from the translatable pool to stress-induced stress granules. These stress-induced newly methylated sites are selectively recognized by the YTH domain family 3 (YTHDF3) ‘reader’ protein, thereby revealing a new role for YTHDF3 in shaping the selectivity of stress response. Our findings describe a previously unappreciated function for RNA m6A modification in the oxidative-stress response and expand the breadth of physiological roles of m6A.