Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Studies in the murine model suggest that injection of DNA encoding hepatitis B virus structural proteins is promising for the induction of a specific immune response. We used the duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) model to study the protective and therapeutic effects of naked DNA immunization against hepadnaviral large envelope protein. METHODS: A pCI-preS/S plasmid expressing the DHBV large protein was used for intramuscular immunization of ducks. The humoral response was tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunoblotting, neutralization, and in vivo protection tests. For DNA therapy, DHBV-carrier ducks received four injections of this plasmid. Viremia was monitored for 10 months; thereafter, liver biopsies were performed. RESULTS: Immunization with pCI-preS/S plasmid induced a specific, long-lasting, neutralizing, and highly protective anti-preS humoral response in uninfected animals. After pCI-preS/S treatment, a significant and sustained decrease in serum and liver DHBV DNA was observed for carrier ducks compared with the controls. CONCLUSIONS: DNA immunization against DHBV large protein results in a potent and protective anti-preS response in the duck model. The results of long-term follow-up of DNA-treated chronically infected ducks are promising and show the usefulness of this model for the study of genetic immunization in chronic hepatitis B therapy.

Type

Journal

Gastroenterology

Publication Date

03/1999

Volume

116

Pages

658 - 665

Keywords

Animals, Antibody Formation, Bupivacaine, Carrier State, Ducks, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Hepadnaviridae, Hepadnaviridae Infections, Hepatitis B Antibodies, Hepatitis B Virus, Duck, Plasmids, Poultry Diseases, Vaccines, Synthetic, Viral Envelope Proteins, Viral Vaccines